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^([a-z\-]+:\/\/)?([a-zA-Z0-9]+)(\.[a-zA-Z0-9]+)*(\/[a-zA-Z0-9]*)?$

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^ asserts position at start of the string

1st Capturing Group

([a-z\-]+:\/\/)?

? matches the previous token between zero and one times, as many times as possible, giving back as needed (greedy)

Match a single character present in the list below

[a-z\-]

+ matches the previous token between one and unlimited times, as many times as possible, giving back as needed (greedy)

a-z matches a single character in the range between a (index 97) and z (index 122) (case sensitive)

\- matches the character - with index 45_{10} (2D_{16} or 55_{8}) literally (case sensitive)

: matches the character : with index 58_{10} (3A_{16} or 72_{8}) literally (case sensitive)

\/ matches the character / with index 47_{10} (2F_{16} or 57_{8}) literally (case sensitive)

\/ matches the character / with index 47_{10} (2F_{16} or 57_{8}) literally (case sensitive)

2nd Capturing Group

([a-zA-Z0-9]+)

Match a single character present in the list below

[a-zA-Z0-9]

+ matches the previous token between one and unlimited times, as many times as possible, giving back as needed (greedy)

a-z matches a single character in the range between a (index 97) and z (index 122) (case sensitive)

A-Z matches a single character in the range between A (index 65) and Z (index 90) (case sensitive)

0-9 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)

3rd Capturing Group

(\.[a-zA-Z0-9]+)*

* matches the previous token between zero and unlimited times, as many times as possible, giving back as needed (greedy)

A repeated capturing group will only capture the last iteration. Put a capturing group around the repeated group to capture all iterations or use a non-capturing group instead if you're not interested in the data

\. matches the character . with index 46_{10} (2E_{16} or 56_{8}) literally (case sensitive)

Match a single character present in the list below

[a-zA-Z0-9]

+ matches the previous token between one and unlimited times, as many times as possible, giving back as needed (greedy)

a-z matches a single character in the range between a (index 97) and z (index 122) (case sensitive)

A-Z matches a single character in the range between A (index 65) and Z (index 90) (case sensitive)

0-9 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)

4th Capturing Group

(\/[a-zA-Z0-9]*)?

? matches the previous token between zero and one times, as many times as possible, giving back as needed (greedy)

\/ matches the character / with index 47_{10} (2F_{16} or 57_{8}) literally (case sensitive)

Match a single character present in the list below

[a-zA-Z0-9]

* matches the previous token between zero and unlimited times, as many times as possible, giving back as needed (greedy)

a-z matches a single character in the range between a (index 97) and z (index 122) (case sensitive)

A-Z matches a single character in the range between A (index 65) and Z (index 90) (case sensitive)

0-9 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)

$ asserts position at the end of the string, or before the line terminator right at the end of the string (if any)

Your regular expression does not match the subject string.Try launching the debugger to find out why.

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