Regular Expressions 101

Save & Share

Flavor

  • PCRE2 (PHP >=7.3)
  • PCRE (PHP <7.3)
  • ECMAScript (JavaScript)
  • Python
  • Golang
  • Java 8

Function

  • Match
  • Substitution
  • List
  • Unit Tests
/
^(.*_?)phone(_.*)?$
/
gm
^ asserts position at start of a line
1st Capturing Group
(.*_?)
.
matches any character (except for line terminators)
* matches the previous token between zero and unlimited times, as many times as possible, giving back as needed (greedy)
_
matches the character _ with index 9510 (5F16 or 1378) literally (case sensitive)
phone
matches the characters phone literally (case sensitive)
2nd Capturing Group
(_.*)?
? matches the previous token between zero and one times, as many times as possible, giving back as needed (greedy)
_ matches the character _ with index 9510 (5F16 or 1378) literally (case sensitive)
.
matches any character (except for line terminators)
* matches the previous token between zero and unlimited times, as many times as possible, giving back as needed (greedy)
$ asserts position at the end of a line
Global pattern flags
g modifier: global. All matches (don't return after first match)
m modifier: multi line. Causes ^ and $ to match the begin/end of each line (not only begin/end of string)
Your regular expression does not match the subject string.

Regular Expression
No Match

/
/
gm

Test String