# Regular Expressions 101

## Flavor

• PCRE2 (PHP >=7.3)
• PCRE (PHP <7.3)
• ECMAScript (JavaScript)
• Python
• Golang
• Java 8

## Function

• Match
• Substitution
• List
• Unit Tests (3)

## Tools

"
^(([0-9]|[1-9][0-9]|1[0-9]{2}|2[0-4][0-9]|25[0-5])\.){3}([0-9]|[1-9][0-9]|1[0-9]{2}|2[0-4][0-9]|25[0-5])\$
"
^ asserts position at start of the string
1st Capturing Group
(([0-9]|[1-9][0-9]|1[0-9]{2}|2[0-4][0-9]|25[0-5])\.){3}
{3} matches the previous token exactly 3 times
A repeated capturing group will only capture the last iteration. Put a capturing group around the repeated group to capture all iterations or use a non-capturing group instead if you're not interested in the data
2nd Capturing Group
([0-9]|[1-9][0-9]|1[0-9]{2}|2[0-4][0-9]|25[0-5])
1st Alternative
[0-9]
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-9]
0-9 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
2nd Alternative
[1-9][0-9]
Match a single character present in the list below
[1-9]
1-9 matches a single character in the range between 1 (index 49) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-9]
0-9 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
3rd Alternative
1[0-9]{2}
1 matches the character 1 with index 4910 (3116 or 618) literally (case sensitive)
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-9]
{2} matches the previous token exactly 2 times
0-9 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
4th Alternative
2[0-4][0-9]
2 matches the character 2 with index 5010 (3216 or 628) literally (case sensitive)
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-4]
0-4 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 4 (index 52) (case sensitive)
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-9]
0-9 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
5th Alternative
25[0-5]
25
matches the characters 25 literally (case sensitive)
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-5]
0-5 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 5 (index 53) (case sensitive)
\. matches the character . with index 4610 (2E16 or 568) literally (case sensitive)
3rd Capturing Group
([0-9]|[1-9][0-9]|1[0-9]{2}|2[0-4][0-9]|25[0-5])
1st Alternative
[0-9]
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-9]
0-9 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
2nd Alternative
[1-9][0-9]
Match a single character present in the list below
[1-9]
1-9 matches a single character in the range between 1 (index 49) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-9]
0-9 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
3rd Alternative
1[0-9]{2}
1 matches the character 1 with index 4910 (3116 or 618) literally (case sensitive)
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-9]
{2} matches the previous token exactly 2 times
0-9 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
4th Alternative
2[0-4][0-9]
2 matches the character 2 with index 5010 (3216 or 628) literally (case sensitive)
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-4]
0-4 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 4 (index 52) (case sensitive)
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-9]
0-9 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
5th Alternative
25[0-5]
25
matches the characters 25 literally (case sensitive)
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-5]
0-5 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 5 (index 53) (case sensitive)
\$ asserts position at the end of the string, or before the line terminator right at the end of the string (if any)
Your regular expression does not match the subject string.

r"
"