Regular Expressions 101

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/
^(0|[1-9]\d*)\.(0|[1-9]\d*)\.(0|[1-9]\d*)(?:-((?:0|[1-9]\d*|\d*[a-zA-Z-][0-9a-zA-Z-]*)(?:\.(?:0|[1-9]\d*|\d*[a-zA-Z-][0-9a-zA-Z-]*))*))?(?:\+([0-9a-zA-Z-]+(?:\.[0-9a-zA-Z-]+)*))?$
/
gm
^ asserts position at start of a line
1st Capturing Group
(0|[1-9]\d*)
1st Alternative
0
0 matches the character 0 with index 4810 (3016 or 608) literally (case sensitive)
2nd Alternative
[1-9]\d*
Match a single character present in the list below
[1-9]
1-9 matches a single character in the range between 1 (index 49) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
\d
matches a digit (equivalent to [0-9])
* matches the previous token between zero and unlimited times, as many times as possible, giving back as needed (greedy)
\. matches the character . with index 4610 (2E16 or 568) literally (case sensitive)
2nd Capturing Group
(0|[1-9]\d*)
1st Alternative
0
0 matches the character 0 with index 4810 (3016 or 608) literally (case sensitive)
2nd Alternative
[1-9]\d*
Match a single character present in the list below
[1-9]
1-9 matches a single character in the range between 1 (index 49) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
\d
matches a digit (equivalent to [0-9])
* matches the previous token between zero and unlimited times, as many times as possible, giving back as needed (greedy)
\. matches the character . with index 4610 (2E16 or 568) literally (case sensitive)
3rd Capturing Group
(0|[1-9]\d*)
1st Alternative
0
0 matches the character 0 with index 4810 (3016 or 608) literally (case sensitive)
2nd Alternative
[1-9]\d*
Match a single character present in the list below
[1-9]
1-9 matches a single character in the range between 1 (index 49) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
\d
matches a digit (equivalent to [0-9])
* matches the previous token between zero and unlimited times, as many times as possible, giving back as needed (greedy)
Non-capturing group
(?:-((?:0|[1-9]\d*|\d*[a-zA-Z-][0-9a-zA-Z-]*)(?:\.(?:0|[1-9]\d*|\d*[a-zA-Z-][0-9a-zA-Z-]*))*))?
? matches the previous token between zero and one times, as many times as possible, giving back as needed (greedy)
- matches the character - with index 4510 (2D16 or 558) literally (case sensitive)
4th Capturing Group
((?:0|[1-9]\d*|\d*[a-zA-Z-][0-9a-zA-Z-]*)(?:\.(?:0|[1-9]\d*|\d*[a-zA-Z-][0-9a-zA-Z-]*))*)
Non-capturing group
(?:0|[1-9]\d*|\d*[a-zA-Z-][0-9a-zA-Z-]*)
1st Alternative
0
0 matches the character 0 with index 4810 (3016 or 608) literally (case sensitive)
2nd Alternative
[1-9]\d*
Match a single character present in the list below
[1-9]
1-9 matches a single character in the range between 1 (index 49) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
\d
matches a digit (equivalent to [0-9])
* matches the previous token between zero and unlimited times, as many times as possible, giving back as needed (greedy)
3rd Alternative
\d*[a-zA-Z-][0-9a-zA-Z-]*
\d
matches a digit (equivalent to [0-9])
* matches the previous token between zero and unlimited times, as many times as possible, giving back as needed (greedy)
Match a single character present in the list below
[a-zA-Z-]
a-z matches a single character in the range between a (index 97) and z (index 122) (case sensitive)
A-Z matches a single character in the range between A (index 65) and Z (index 90) (case sensitive)
- matches the character - with index 4510 (2D16 or 558) literally (case sensitive)
This hyphen is treated literally, which might be confusing for others. Consider escaping it or placing at the start or end of the class!
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-9a-zA-Z-]
* matches the previous token between zero and unlimited times, as many times as possible, giving back as needed (greedy)
0-9 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
a-z matches a single character in the range between a (index 97) and z (index 122) (case sensitive)
A-Z matches a single character in the range between A (index 65) and Z (index 90) (case sensitive)
- matches the character - with index 4510 (2D16 or 558) literally (case sensitive)
This hyphen is treated literally, which might be confusing for others. Consider escaping it or placing at the start or end of the class!
Non-capturing group
(?:\.(?:0|[1-9]\d*|\d*[a-zA-Z-][0-9a-zA-Z-]*))*
* matches the previous token between zero and unlimited times, as many times as possible, giving back as needed (greedy)
\. matches the character . with index 4610 (2E16 or 568) literally (case sensitive)
Non-capturing group
(?:0|[1-9]\d*|\d*[a-zA-Z-][0-9a-zA-Z-]*)
1st Alternative
0
0 matches the character 0 with index 4810 (3016 or 608) literally (case sensitive)
2nd Alternative
[1-9]\d*
Match a single character present in the list below
[1-9]
1-9 matches a single character in the range between 1 (index 49) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
\d
matches a digit (equivalent to [0-9])
* matches the previous token between zero and unlimited times, as many times as possible, giving back as needed (greedy)
3rd Alternative
\d*[a-zA-Z-][0-9a-zA-Z-]*
\d
matches a digit (equivalent to [0-9])
* matches the previous token between zero and unlimited times, as many times as possible, giving back as needed (greedy)
Match a single character present in the list below
[a-zA-Z-]
a-z matches a single character in the range between a (index 97) and z (index 122) (case sensitive)
A-Z matches a single character in the range between A (index 65) and Z (index 90) (case sensitive)
- matches the character - with index 4510 (2D16 or 558) literally (case sensitive)
This hyphen is treated literally, which might be confusing for others. Consider escaping it or placing at the start or end of the class!
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-9a-zA-Z-]
* matches the previous token between zero and unlimited times, as many times as possible, giving back as needed (greedy)
0-9 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
a-z matches a single character in the range between a (index 97) and z (index 122) (case sensitive)
A-Z matches a single character in the range between A (index 65) and Z (index 90) (case sensitive)
- matches the character - with index 4510 (2D16 or 558) literally (case sensitive)
This hyphen is treated literally, which might be confusing for others. Consider escaping it or placing at the start or end of the class!
Non-capturing group
(?:\+([0-9a-zA-Z-]+(?:\.[0-9a-zA-Z-]+)*))?
? matches the previous token between zero and one times, as many times as possible, giving back as needed (greedy)
\+ matches the character + with index 4310 (2B16 or 538) literally (case sensitive)
5th Capturing Group
([0-9a-zA-Z-]+(?:\.[0-9a-zA-Z-]+)*)
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-9a-zA-Z-]
+ matches the previous token between one and unlimited times, as many times as possible, giving back as needed (greedy)
0-9 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
a-z matches a single character in the range between a (index 97) and z (index 122) (case sensitive)
A-Z matches a single character in the range between A (index 65) and Z (index 90) (case sensitive)
- matches the character - with index 4510 (2D16 or 558) literally (case sensitive)
This hyphen is treated literally, which might be confusing for others. Consider escaping it or placing at the start or end of the class!
Non-capturing group
(?:\.[0-9a-zA-Z-]+)*
* matches the previous token between zero and unlimited times, as many times as possible, giving back as needed (greedy)
\. matches the character . with index 4610 (2E16 or 568) literally (case sensitive)
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-9a-zA-Z-]
+ matches the previous token between one and unlimited times, as many times as possible, giving back as needed (greedy)
0-9 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
a-z matches a single character in the range between a (index 97) and z (index 122) (case sensitive)
A-Z matches a single character in the range between A (index 65) and Z (index 90) (case sensitive)
- matches the character - with index 4510 (2D16 or 558) literally (case sensitive)
This hyphen is treated literally, which might be confusing for others. Consider escaping it or placing at the start or end of the class!
$ asserts position at the end of a line
Global pattern flags
g modifier: global. All matches (don't return after first match)
m modifier: multi line. Causes ^ and $ to match the begin/end of each line (not only begin/end of string)
Your regular expression does not match the subject string.

Regular Expression
No Match

/
/
gm

Test String

Code Generator

Generated Code

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Please keep in mind that these code samples are automatically generated and are not guaranteed to work. If you find any syntax errors, feel free to submit a bug report.
For a full regex reference for JavaScript, please visit: https://developer.mozilla.org/en/docs/Web/JavaScript/Guide/Regular_Expressions