Regular Expressions 101

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/
(^[0-9]{4}?[0-9]$|^[0-9]{4}?[0-9]-[0-9]{4}$)
/
gm
1st Capturing Group
(^[0-9]{4}?[0-9]$|^[0-9]{4}?[0-9]-[0-9]{4}$)
1st Alternative
^[0-9]{4}?[0-9]$
^ asserts position at start of a line
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-9]
{4}? matches the previous token exactly 4 times
0-9 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-9]
0-9 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
$ asserts position at the end of a line
2nd Alternative
^[0-9]{4}?[0-9]-[0-9]{4}$
^ asserts position at start of a line
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-9]
{4}? matches the previous token exactly 4 times
0-9 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-9]
0-9 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
- matches the character - with index 4510 (2D16 or 558) literally (case sensitive)
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-9]
{4} matches the previous token exactly 4 times
0-9 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
$ asserts position at the end of a line
Global pattern flags
g modifier: global. All matches (don't return after first match)
m modifier: multi line. Causes ^ and $ to match the begin/end of each line (not only begin/end of string)
Your regular expression does not match the subject string.

Regular Expression
No Match

/
/
gm

Test String

Substitution

Processing...