# Regular Expressions 101

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• PCRE2 (PHP >=7.3)
• PCRE (PHP <7.3)
• ECMAScript (JavaScript)
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## Tools

/
\b(([0-9]|[1-9][0-9]|1[0-9]{2}|2[0-4][0-9]|25[0-5])\.){3}([0-9]|[1-9][0-9]|1[0-9]{2}|2[0-4][0-9]|25[0-5])\b
/
gm
\b assert position at a word boundary: (^\w|\w\$|\W\w|\w\W)
1st Capturing Group
(([0-9]|[1-9][0-9]|1[0-9]{2}|2[0-4][0-9]|25[0-5])\.){3}
{3} matches the previous token exactly 3 times
A repeated capturing group will only capture the last iteration. Put a capturing group around the repeated group to capture all iterations or use a non-capturing group instead if you're not interested in the data
2nd Capturing Group
([0-9]|[1-9][0-9]|1[0-9]{2}|2[0-4][0-9]|25[0-5])
1st Alternative
[0-9]
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-9]
0-9 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
2nd Alternative
[1-9][0-9]
Match a single character present in the list below
[1-9]
1-9 matches a single character in the range between 1 (index 49) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-9]
0-9 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
3rd Alternative
1[0-9]{2}
1 matches the character 1 with index 4910 (3116 or 618) literally (case sensitive)
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-9]
{2} matches the previous token exactly 2 times
0-9 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
4th Alternative
2[0-4][0-9]
2 matches the character 2 with index 5010 (3216 or 628) literally (case sensitive)
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-4]
0-4 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 4 (index 52) (case sensitive)
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-9]
0-9 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
5th Alternative
25[0-5]
25
matches the characters 25 literally (case sensitive)
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-5]
0-5 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 5 (index 53) (case sensitive)
\. matches the character . with index 4610 (2E16 or 568) literally (case sensitive)
3rd Capturing Group
([0-9]|[1-9][0-9]|1[0-9]{2}|2[0-4][0-9]|25[0-5])
1st Alternative
[0-9]
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-9]
0-9 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
2nd Alternative
[1-9][0-9]
Match a single character present in the list below
[1-9]
1-9 matches a single character in the range between 1 (index 49) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-9]
0-9 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
3rd Alternative
1[0-9]{2}
1 matches the character 1 with index 4910 (3116 or 618) literally (case sensitive)
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-9]
{2} matches the previous token exactly 2 times
0-9 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
4th Alternative
2[0-4][0-9]
2 matches the character 2 with index 5010 (3216 or 628) literally (case sensitive)
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-4]
0-4 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 4 (index 52) (case sensitive)
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-9]
0-9 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 9 (index 57) (case sensitive)
5th Alternative
25[0-5]
25
matches the characters 25 literally (case sensitive)
Match a single character present in the list below
[0-5]
0-5 matches a single character in the range between 0 (index 48) and 5 (index 53) (case sensitive)
\b assert position at a word boundary: (^\w|\w\$|\W\w|\w\W)
Global pattern flags
g modifier: global. All matches (don't return after first match)
m modifier: multi line. Causes ^ and \$ to match the begin/end of each line (not only begin/end of string)
Your regular expression does not match the subject string.Try launching the debugger to find out why.

/
/
gm